In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) designates a woman carrying a child who she is not genetically interconnected to in respects of another individual or couple.
This situation may occur when a woman wishes to have a child but has had fertility issues or when a male couple wants to have a child using an egg donor’s egg.
There are two forms of IVF in surrogacy. One form comprises the impregnation of the surrogate with a man’s sperm. Sperm comes from the male partner in a couple or donor sperm.
The baby is then naturally interconnected to the Surrogate Mother as well as to the male who gave the sperm. If a single woman or a couple is planning to use a Surrogate and wants to be genetically related to the baby, IVF surrogacy is normally used.
A woman may be incapable to give birth to her own child because of issues with her uterus or health problems that prevent her from having a baby. If her eggs are healthy, the doctors may use her partner’s sperm or donor sperm to fertilize her egg. Once the eggs are fertilized a transfer to the Surrogate's uterus takes place.
If the procedure is fruitful and the pregnancy is viable, the Surrogate Mother then goes on to carry the child until delivery.
When IVF is used, the parties involved usually sign contracts that feature the terms of their relationship. The contract instructs that the Surrogate Mother has no legal accuracies to the child born by IVF and that the Intended Parents or individual who sought the surrogacy agreement will be the child’s legal parents.
Often times these contracts also contain information on Surrogate compensation.
It is important to note that IVF surrogacy isn’t legal in all states.