A risk factor may increase or decrease your probability of contracting a disease or condition. Although men interrelated to specific risk factors can be at an increased risk, any male can progress with infertility issues.
In approximately 40 percent of infertile couples, the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of infertility.
(Source: ASRM, 2018)
Infertility is not just a disease that affects women—men suffer as well. In fact, new studies show that in approximately 40 percent of infertility couples the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of infertility.
Having any of the following risk factors does not necessarily mean that you will develop infertility. It is significant to discourse these conditions with your doctor.
Am I at Risk for Infertility?
- High periods with fevers can unfavorably affect sperm parameters.
- Viral infections can cause inflammation of the testicles.
- Tuberculosis can produce blockages in the sperm-carrying tubes.
- Varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It's the most common reversible cause of male infertility.
- Infection can interfere with sperm production or sperm health or can cause scarring that blocks the passage of sperm.
- STD’s — infections, such as Gonorrhea or Chlamydia, typically produce no symptoms in men. When left untreated, STD’s can lead to scarring in the sperm-carrying tubes, which reduces the number of sperm in ejaculate and increases the risk of fertility problems.
- The testicles are easily damaged during sporting events. These injuries can cause inflammation that reduces the blood supply to the testicles, which can perpetually damage sperm-producing cells.
Surgical procedures can directly or indirectly lead to infertility, including:
- Hernia repair
Other Medical Conditions
- Cardiovascular disease
- Neurological disorders
- Kidney disease
- High Blood Pressure
- Sick Cell Anemia
Medications are tremendously important for correcting serious and chronic conditions. In some cases, certain medications may increase your risk of infertility:
Other Possible Risk Factors
Alcohol, tobacco, steroid use, stress, obesity, excessive heat, and excessive exercise.